Folder Agrobiodiversity

The agricultural ecosystem includes cultivated species and genetic resources extremely important and strategic capital as biological and irreplaceable national as well own the world. Most of these resources is a heritage that exists in Morocco, and nowhere else. The high rate of endemism in Morocco of landforms (91% of endemic species in 4110) represents a considerable genetic pool. The loss of these species would be irreversible endemic to the extent that there is no chance to recover.


The genetic potential for a number of crops and wild relative’s importance is as vital as that of wild species. Indeed, some species, for example, gender and Médicago Lupinus, were scarce or even disappeared in some areas.


The improvement efforts undertaken in Morocco agro-genetic led to the establishment of official catalog of the plants for cultivation and for inclusion in this catalog of more than 152 varieties in different species economically and socially important. Some of these species are currently used at the international level, but only some of it they are seen as target species for the conservation of their genetic heritage and their valuation. These include barley, durum, the wheat, corn, sorghum, alfalfa, oats, vetch, forage sorghum, beans, bean, peas, the lens, beans, carrots, turnips, eggplant, onion, cauliflower local, local rose, saffron, mint, date palm, almond, plum, apricot , olive, fig, pomegranate, grapes, and all the wild relatives.


Crops sought to improve agricultural production in Morocco and regarded as a source of genetic diversity for new characters, as follows:

 

  • The northern Morocco is the area of a wide variety of species (rye, millet, sorghum, vetch) and a lively collection of phenotypes durum;
  • Orchards still contain some genotypes citrus and rosaceous premises;
  • In the hills, the trees grafted gave indigenous trees and crosses between fig led to a rich variety;
  • In the south, barley well adapted to aridity continue to be the dominant species;
  • In the oasis, varieties of date palms, alfalfa cultivars (alfalfa Tafilalt, Dades etc.)., Vegetables, saffron and wheat (wheat of the Pharaohs: fartas, charquia) are suitable for many centuries; 
  • Some varieties adapted were also selected for the olive trees, almond trees, vines, corn (introduced in the 16th century).

Folder Liens relatifs à l'Agrobiodiversité
Folder Législation relative à l'Agrobiodiversité
HTML Document Importance socio-économique de la diversité agricole au Maroc