Folder Ecosystems

The great diversity of environmental physical characteristics is matched by an equally remarkable diversity of ecosystems, whether plant or animal.  There are forestral, pre-forestral, pre-steppic, steppic, desert, aquatic (sea, coastal, and continental) ecosystems which extend over a range of bioclimactic levels: arid, semi-arid, sub-humid, and humid.

Forestral ecosystems

Forestral ecosystems are composed of natural formations of leafy trees, (Holm, Oak, Cork, Tauzin Oak, Argani, Oleaster) and of coniferous trees (Cedar, Aleppo pine, Coastal Pine, Black pine, and Thuya) distributed among the different bioclimatic levels from semi-arid to humid.

Oak plantations occupy the plains and piedmonts of mountains, while the cedar groves (Coastal Pine, and Black Pine) are located in higher regions.  The only Moroccan fir tree is found in the heights of Western Rif in the region of Chaouen.  In the south endemic argan trees are found in the semi-arid and arid zones and constitute, with the Acacia, the species most adapted to aridity.

The floristic panorama of Moroccan forests is rich in herbaceous and shrub species, of which a great number are endemic or of medicinal aromatic interest.  Forestral fauna is equally well diversified and rich in bird, reptile, and mammal species (Sparrow, Macaque Monkey, Porcupine, Boar).

The principal forestral ecosystem are:

Folder Fhe fir forests
Folder Holm oak
Folder Les Cédraies
Folder Les acaciaies
Folder Les arganeraies
Folder Les cocciféraies
Folder Les cupressaies
Folder Les cératoniaies
Folder Les junipéraies rouges
Folder Les oléastraies
Folder Les oxycédraies
Folder Les pinèdes
Folder Les écosystèmes forestiers
Folder Steppe alfa
Folder Steppe à armoises
Folder Tetraclinis
Folder The Pistaciaies
Folder The Retama and Adenocarpus
Folder The deciduous oak forests
Folder Thurifers
Folder the Cork Oak
HTML Document Steppes a xérophytes épineux