The sustainable management of forest resources: what strategy?
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The geographical location of Morocco, between the Mediterranean, the Atlantic Ocean and the Sahara, not to mention the high mountains gives him an ecological and climatic diversity. This diversity results in a rich flora and fauna on an area of 9 million ha of forests 8% of the Kingdom considered among the richest throughout the Mediterranean basin.
The forest Moroccan part of its multiple features and functions, its vast biodiversity, is in ecological, social and cultural development. However, despite its crucial role in the protection of soil and water and the fight against desertification, support of agricultural production and tourism development, the forest Moroccan remains subject to considerable pressure human and pastoral (the removal of wood fire, overgrazing, fire, etc.). These factors, combined with severe climatic conditions experienced by our country over the last two decades, making it more fragile and vulnerable forest ecosystems Moroccan.
Aware of the importance of the forest service and it offers many of the problems of its degradation, the OSS has developed the National Forest Program (NFP) which finds its roots in the recommendations of the United Nations Conference for the 'Environment and Development (UNCED) in juin1992.
This program is based on an in-depth and sectoral studies prepared by the OSS during the 90s. These studies have been synthesized, completed and brought into consistency to prepare a development strategy in the medium and long term, the forest sector. These studies will include:
- Acts of the national symposium on Forests (1996);
- The National Forest Inventory (1994););
- The Director of Reforestation Plan (1996);
- The National Plan for Development of River Basin (1995), the study on Protected Areas (1995) ...);
Th NFP, which is a strategic tool in the service of the National Forestry, finds its roots in three approaches: heritage; Territorial; And participatory. It is intended to lead and reverse the process of degradation of the forest and is intended to achieve the following objectives: protection of soil and water control; Socio-economic development of rural populations; Protecting the biodiversity; timber production for industry and crafts; and production service for Urban populations.