the Cork Oak
The cork oak (Quercus suber), which occupies an area of nearly 384,200 hectares, is a remarkable species in our forests given its ecological and socio-economic roles. The cork forests are organized in forests, but may also have seen coppice after cutting capacity Cork regenerate strain. The Cork shows almost pure facies in many areas, but is sometimes associated with green and Zeen Oaks. The undergrowth is generally quite rich: Cytisus linifolius, Thymelaea lythroides, Erica arborea, Erica scoparia, monspeliensis Cistus, Myrtus, Pteridium aquilinum ....
The cork forests are home to a rich fauna, over 250 species of arthropods have been recorded in the forest of Maâmora and 12 species of nesting birds.
The area of Cork unfortunately steadily declining under the action of degradation to which anthropozoogène more recently, damage due to several insect pests including Lepidoptera: Gypsy Moth and Melacosoma neustria, Coleoptera: Cerambyx cerdo, Platypus cylindrus and Curculio glandium; Hymenoptera: Crematogaster scutellaris. The damage caused by these pests.