Because of its past millennium, the Kingdom of Morocco has accumulated a wealth of historical and cultural diversity and great originality. The "man of Rabat (first trace human Morocco-50000 years) has had to adapt to different lifestyles of various civilizations préhistoiriques Berber, Phoenician, Carthagenean, Sicilienne, Romaine, Vandale, Byzantine, with arabo-muslmane Idrisid, the Almoravids, the Almohads, Merinids, wattassides, Saadian, then the Alawites.
One of the cultural aspects that characterize Morocco is the tool of communication, language. Arabic is the official language; But in practice, it is replaced in some regions by pël, Rifia, Tachlhit or Tamazight. As foreign languages, the french is spoken by a large part of the population. Spanish is still used in the north, especially in the elderly. English as a foreign language is necessary for communication technology and science, while German, Russian, and so on. Languages offered are in various educational institutions and centers abroad.
The music is also another form of expresson very diversified. The combining, Andaloussi, Cheikhats, Gnawa, Ghiwane, Hassani, Chaabi, Assri, and many others are "colors" or from elsewhere for funds from the Moroccan tradition. The instruments used are as diverse, ranging from Qraqeb (Snakes) to the electric guitar through Rbab, El oud, Gmbri, etc., which many are made from some elements of biodiversity (Carapces, leather, wood specific, etc.). .
Crafts, of all times, been linked to the history of Morocco because of the cultural richness of the latter, and almost every town or region has its own culture craft: Safi (Pottery), Fez (tapestries and leather), Essaouira (Wood), etc. Thus, for centuries, men and women, based on their respective heritages traditional, working materials such as wood, copper, metal, wool or stone, in order to acquire expertise unique blend of traditions love, idealization of crafts and quality finishes blameless.
These crafts were, in fact, made some cities radiation civilization. The ranking, for example, the city of Fez by UNESCO as a "universal heritage" is a real recognition of the international community to value the contributions cited in this universal heritage in the field of traditional arts and also, architectural works that abound in the spiritual and cultural capital of the Kingdom. This architecture is, in fact, an original synthesis of Eastern and Andalusian influences that have produced a legacy made to the landmarks of Islamic art; Wealth also that unfolds in rural areas, with an architecture based on Berber stone and raw land, showing, among other things, by the ksours, fortified villages of the Draa Valley, and the collective attics of the High Atlas.
The culinary art of Morocco is another form of culture, of international renown. Many of its dishes are, in fact, found on the shelves of Western stores. The kitchen also reflects a history, a past, a certain way of life and an art to receive guests. The milk and dates, the horns of a gazelle, ghoriba (shortbread), tea sweetened with kaleb (sugar cone), the m'semmen (flaky pancakes), the beghrir, watered fresh melted butter and honey, harira the pastilla, couscous, the various tajines, etc.. Moroccan constitutes an identity that has been forged and individualized throughout the centuries.
Literature is an important component of the Moroccan culture made of a Berber literature alive, but mainly in fairy tales, legends or poetic songs, in a written Arabic literature which developed later and a written literature, written in French, having acquired by contrast, works with some (Ahmed Sefrioui, Driss Chraïbi, Abdellatif Laabi, Tahar Ben Jelloun, etc.) an international reputation.