Natural resources available to Morocco are of great quality, but remain fragile and mostly inadequately protected. The conservation of natural environments has become crucially important.
From 1942 to 1991, Morocco has witnessed the creation of four national parks namely Toubkal (1942), Tazekka (1950), Souss Massa (1991) and Iriki (1994).
The master plan of protected areas, developed in 1996, had identified 154 sites of interest Biological and Ecological (SIBE), representing almost all the natural ecosystems of the country, offering the rank for national parks a dozen of them .
The implementation of that plan has helped strengthen the national network of protected areas through the creation in 2004 of four other national parks namely: AI Hoceima (AI Hoceima Province), Talassemtane (Chefchaouen Province), Ifrane (Province of Ifrane), High Atlas Oriental (provinces Errachidia and Khénifra).
The National Park Khnifiss, whose establishment has intervened in 2006, is the first national park Saharan of the Kingdom. He has just increase the number of national parks, officially established under the law on national parks dating back to 1934, nine (9) parks whose total area is 606,000 ha.
In addition to this network of national parks, Morocco has three Biosphere Reserves, which are promoting solutions reconciling the conservation of biodiversity and its sustainable use. They are:
- The Biosphere Reserve of Arganeraie (RBA), with an area of 2.5 million hectares in the South-West, declared in December 1998;
- The Biosphere Reserve of Oasis South of Morocco (RBOSM), declared in 2000, at oases of southern Morocco, on an area of about 7,200,000 ha.
- The Biosphere Reserve of the Mediterranean Intercontinentale (RBIM), covering an area of nearly 1,000,000 ha, divided roughly equally between the two sides Moroccan and Spanish. The relevant part of Morocco is located at the Peninsula Tingitana (Province of Chefchaouen, Tetouan, fnideq, FahsAnjra and Larache).
- A fourth Biosphere Reserve known as Biosphere Reserve of the Cédraie is envisaged in the Middle Atlas. It will include three national parks in Ifrane, the High Atlas Oriental and Khénifra once established on an area of about 500,000 ha and will declare the ecosystem "Cédraie of the Atlas" World Heritage.
The protected areas in Morocco are managed by the Haut Commissariat aux Eaux Forêts et à la Lutte contre la Désertification.