Biosphere Reserves (MAB)
The biosphere reserve concept was originally developed in 1974 and was substantially revised in 1995 with the adoption by the UNESCO General Conference of the Statutory Framework and the Seville Strategy for Biosphere Reserves. Today, with over 480 locations in more than 100 countries, the Network offers the opportunity to test, in particular contexts, approaches that combine scientific knowledge and governance modalities to:
- Reduce biodiversity loss.
- Improve people's livelihoods.
- Enhance social, economic and cultural critical to the viability of sustainable development.
- Thus, contributing to the Millennium Development Goals, particularly MDG 7 on sustainable development.
Biosphere reserves can also serve as learning and experimentation sites in the framework of the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development.
In Morocco, three biosphere reserves are included in the list of MAB (UNESCO): the Arganerie, 1998, Oasis of southern Morocco, 2000 and the International Transboundary Biosphere Reserve Andalusia Morocco 2006.